Over-diagnosis occurs when someone is diagnosed with a disease that wouldn’t harm them, or when treatment does more harm than good.
In the hospital waiting room, heart pounding and mind whirring, surrounded by a sea of apprehensive-looking fellow patients, I settled in to wait for my name to be called. Outside the sun was shining on a warm winter’s afternoon...
Stress is bad for our physical and mental health. It has been linked to several leading causes of death, including heart disease and mood disorders, such as depression.
Many people suffer regularly from heartburn - a burning feeling in the chest caused by stomach acid travelling up the food pipe (oesophagus) after eating.
In the United States, nearly 290,000 women died from heart disease in 2013 – that’s about one in every four female deaths.
Silicosis is a group of occupational lung diseases caused by breathing in silica dust.
“Doctor, what caused my cancer?” For doctors, this question is often perplexing. Some of the population risk factors are known, but when it comes to specific cases, only assumptions can be made.
Headache and nausea aside, the morning after an evening of drinking can be filled with regret, anxiety and misery. But it can also be a time of humor, story-telling and emotional bonding.
Studies reveal one woman for every nine men is diagnosed with so-called “high-functioning” autism, that is, autism without intellectual disability.
Sperm count in men from North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand declined by 50-60% between 1973 and 2011, according to a new study.
A new study has found something remarkable: the activation of a particular type of immune cell in the brain can, on its own, lead to obesity in mice.
After I was told by my surgeon that he thought I had about thirty days to live, I was put in touch with an exceptional cancer survivor who was convinced that healing and forgiveness are inextricably linked. After weeks of resistance, I took her counsel to heart...
As the number of lives affected by cancer has increased around the globe every year, it is hard to find someone in our circle of family, friends and colleagues whose lives have not been touched in some way.
Dementia is by no means an inevitable result of ageing. In fact, one in three dementia cases can be prevented, according to new findings published in The Lancet.
Many suffer from heart disease despite the fact they don’t smoke, have healthy diets, and are of a healthy weight.
Disrupting just one night of sleep in healthy, middle-aged adults causes an increase in amyloid beta, a brain protein associated with Alzheimer’s disease, a small study suggests.
People who suffer from panic attacks on a regular basis will often say that having them makes them feel as if they're about to die. That's how the only panic attack I ever experienced felt, too.
Black women who drink more than 14 alcoholic drinks per week have a significantly higher risk of invasive breast cancer than those who drink less, a new study suggests.
When people experience delusions or hallucinations there is usually some loss of contact with reality whereby normal processes of thought and perception are disturbed.
Our bodies have forgotten how relaxation feels. We have come to accept our fast-paced, over-loaded, and increasingly impersonal lives as normal. As self-help author and motivational speaker Richard Carlson stated, "Stress is nothing more than a socially acceptable form of mental illness."
Diet is not a contributing factor to the significant gastrointestinal issues common among children with autism spectrum disorder, research finds.
A universe of organisms living inside you may affect every part of your body, from your brain to your bones, and even your thoughts, feelings and your attempts to lose weight.
There is a lot we can do to make life better for older adults with dementia. And we ought to do what we can – not only because people with dementia are fellow members of our human community, but also because any one of us might find ourselves affected in the future.
A new study shows that long-time use of heartburn drugs called proton pump inhibitors is associated with an increased risk of death.
Stress is both a cause of trouble and the result of trouble. As the first step in empowering you to change your bodily reactions to stress, we ask you to observe and notice what kinds of stressors exist for you. You can't change it if you don't see it or feel it or know about it.
In the introduction to his beautiful book The Body Keeps The Score, psychiatrist Bessel Van der Kolk writes: “One does not need to be a combat soldier, or visit a refugee camp in Syria or the Congo to encounter trauma. Trauma happens to us, our friends, our families and our neighbours.”
Do you ever hear a sound when there is nothing around to explain it? Or perhaps you have the feeling that someone is nearby when they’re not?
Maths is the language of science. It crops up everywhere from physics to engineering and chemistry
Women with breast cancer have long faced complicated choices about the best course of treatment.
Do you have anxiety? Have you tried just about everything to get over it, but it just keeps coming back? Perhaps you thought you had got over it, only for the symptoms to return with a vengeance?
Identifying and Removing The Causes of Disharmony and Disease Using Traditional Chinese Medicine Principles
In Traditional Chinese Medicine, it is believed that certain conditions are necessary for disease and disharmony to occur. Good health is dependent upon the smooth flow of chi, the balance of yin and yang, the influences of the five phases, and the balance between our organ network systems and our external environment.
Bouldering, a form of rock climbing that involves climbing rocks or walls to a moderate height without ropes or a harness, could be an effect way to treat symptoms of depression.
Is this the worst Northern Hemisphere allergy season yet? For many people – both those who’ve suffered before and newcomers to the annual sniffling, coughing mess that accompanies springtime – it seems like there are more allergens and allergies today than ever before.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, which is an umbrella term used to describe general loss of memory, thinking skills and other day-to-day functions (such as cooking, paying bills, cleaning and even dressing).
More than 225,000 people develop dementia every year – that’s roughly one person every three minute. At the moment, 850,000 people in the UK are living with dementia. This figure is set to rise to two million by 2051.
The trillions of bacteria living in our gut (called the gut microbiota) can help determine our risk of cancer, as well as how we might respond to cancer treatment.
There have been some noteworthy examples of successful human aging in the press recently.
Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after dementia, affecting more than ten million people worldwide. In Australia alone, more than 70,000 people have the disease – that’s one in every 340 Australians.
There are almost weekly alerts of the global threat of antibiotic resistance. They are often abstract and difficult for patients and GPs to relate to.
Doctors request a urine test to help diagnose and treat a range of conditions including kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes and infections. Testing urine is also used to screen people for illicit drug use and to test if a woman is pregnant.
Postmenopausal women at the highest genetic risk for fractures benefit the most from hormone therapy, research shows.
A set of snap-together glasses will help doctors demonstrate the effects of diabetic retinopathy, an eye disease that can result from uncontrolled diabetes and lead to blindness.
Gut bacteria could influence whether or not babies survive infections of the digestive system, new research with mice suggests.
As people with hearing loss work to improve their speech recognition, a familiar voice may work better than a generic one, research shows.
If you see a female friend or colleague sitting in front of a desk fan in winter while everyone else is shivering in sweaters, chances are she is having a hot flush, courtesy of the menopause.
Two years ago, former President Barack Obama announced the Precision Medicine initiative in his State of the Union Address.
A small number of people—about 6 percent—who had not been taking opioids before an operation, but got them to ease post-surgery pain, are still taking painkillers three to six months later. That’s long after what is considered normal for surgical recovery.
Too much of either positive or negative stress can result in stress overload, commonly known as "burnout." Burnout occurs when you blow your circuits and feel physically and emotionally exhausted. If you strive endlessly to meet unrealistic expectations...
Imagine a world where you could take just a single pill for the treatment or prevention of several age-related diseases.
People with symptoms of depression may not feel like socializing, but doing something fun with friends can improve mood, a new study shows.
Doxycycline is a cheap, widely available antibiotic. It is used to treat everything from acne to urinary tract infections.
What the hell is that? Scientists ask this question every day when trying to work out how different living things are related to each other.
It’s easy to be confused about how to treat a jellyfish sting. Is it best to use grandfather’s slurry of bicarbonate of soda or a douse of vinegar?
Drinking tea reduces the risk of cognitive impairment by 50 percent—and as much as 86 percent for older adults who have a genetic risk of Alzheimer’s disease
Specific patterns of activity on brain scans may help clinicians identify whether psychotherapy or antidepressant medication is more likely to help a patient recover from depression.
Continuing or initiating cigarette use after stopping the use of illicit drugs is linked to an increased likelihood of substance use relapse, research shows.
Gum disease and tooth loss may be associated with a higher risk of death among postmenopausal women, according to a new study.
A blood test that helps screen for prostate cancer is still common, but conversations between patients and doctors about the pros and cons of the screening are not.
People who feel lonely are likely to think their cold symptoms are more severe than those who have strong friendships and social networks.
When you think of someone with autism, what do you think of? It might be someone with a special set of talents or unique skills
Older adults who have fallen for scams by friends, relatives, or strangers behave just as their peers who have avoided rip-offs do
We need to say, as Nancy Reagan said, ‘Just say no.’ to drug laws.
Breast cancer death rates overall have steadily declined since 1989, leading to an increased number of survivors.
Food scarcity and poor oral health are the major causes that lead older adults suffering from malnutrition
Today, almost two in every three Australian adults are overweight or obese, as is one in four children.
Too few older adults make end-of-life medical decisions ahead of time—and even when they do identify a loved one to make decisions for them, their wishes may remain unclear.
The first person to identify the effects of chronic stress was Hungarian scientist Hans Selye. From Selye’s point of view, stress itself was neither good nor bad—it was simply challenging. He believed that without any stress at all, life would be pretty boring...
Scientists say removing ovaries during a hysterectomy could increase a woman’s risk for heart disease, cancer, and premature death.
People have long been fascinated with sleepwalkers — by those who roam during the night without awareness, climbing out of windows, walking down the street, urinating in a cupboard, or moving furniture.
Healthy cell function relies on well orchestrated gene activity
Older people in nursing homes or aged care facilities are often locked up “for their own safety”
The woman suffered two strokes in succession. The first was minor and her condition improved quickly. The second came on suddenly and was more severe.
When you think of paranormal experiences it often conjures images of ghosts, aliens or witchcraft.
Public understanding of the needs of military veterans has focused largely post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injuries, suicide rates, and poor conditions at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center.
Estimates suggest that patients receive topical antibiotics for 40 percent of eczema flares, but a new study suggests there is no meaningful benefit from the use of either oral or topical antibiotics for children who are clinically infected with the condition.
The current prognosis for pancreatic cancer is so poor that a UK cancer charity has warned more than 11,000 people are expected to die from the cancer by 2026, and that it will overtake breast cancer to become the fourth-biggest cancer killer.
A recent analysis of a massive study observing the effect of food on the health of nearly 200,000 American health professionals suggested eating more gluten was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
You may be familiar with the experience of a ringing sensation in your ears after a night out enjoying some good music. But what if you were to wake up in the morning and still have the ringing in your ears? And what if the ringing never stopped?
Exercise and/or psychological therapy work better than medications to reduce cancer-related fatigue and should be recommended first to patients, say researchers.
Older adults who go to the emergency department for an illness or injury are at increased risk for disability and decline in physical abilities up to six months later, research shows.
Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide. There were approximately 14m new cases diagnosed and 8.2m cancer related deaths in 2012.
Effective breast cancer treatment options are predictable based on the way certain genes act or express themselves, new research shows.
So, your doctor told you that you need insulin therapy for your Type 2 diabetes.
People taking heartburn drugs called proton pump inhibitors—Prevacid, Prilosec, Nexium, and Protonix—may not be aware of kidney damage linked to the medications, research suggests.
Would you want to know if you were at a higher risk of getting dementia later in life?
There’s no easy way to predict which teenager will become a problem drug user. While certain personality traits—impulsiveness for example—may signal danger, not every adolescent fits the description.
The world is getting fatter and it’s making us sicker. But could rising stress levels be playing an important role in our growing waistlines?
A brain-to-computer hookup recently allowed people with severe limb weakness to type via direct brain control at the highest speeds and accuracy levels reported to date.
Would you take a painkiller that had been developed from human saliva? A recent study suggests you might in future.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood physical disability, affecting more than 17 million people worldwide. The condition results when there is an injury to the developing brain that goes on to affect a child’s movement and posture...
A protein that appears to play a vital role in airway function is virtually missing in people who have asthma. The discovery points to a potential new treatment.
The proportion of deaths attributable to diabetes in the US is as high as 12 percent—three times higher than estimates based on death certificates suggest—a new analysis shows.
A new study with worms may help explain how diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s spread in the brain. Sometimes when neurons dispose of toxic waste, neighboring cells get sick.
Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer worldwide and the second biggest killer in the UK. However, most cases of heart disease can be prevented by managing risk factors.
Insects often scare or disgust us. But a small proportion of people don’t just experience normal fear.
We all know and hear a lot about postnatal depression, but what about depression and anxiety during pregnancy?
Under emotional distress, the brain may signal the adrenal glands to produce chemicals called corticosteroids. Cancer-related processes are accelerated in the presence of these chemicals. Certain cancers have also been associated with distressing life events.
Recent reports that cancer rates in UK women are set to rise six times faster than in men over the next two decades will have alarmed many.