When George Michael died last year news reports all over the world announced the cause as heart failure. While they are all related to each other, “heart failure”, “heart attack” and “sudden cardiac arrest” are not synonyms.
People with schizophrenia tend to die up to 30 years earlier than the general population.
There’s nothing quite like the sound of snoring as the ultimate sleep interrupter.
It is common for individuals with autism to have a more intense reaction to stress, and some of these patients seem to experience frequent constipation, abdominal pain, or other gastrointestinal issues...
The anxiety many men experience after being diagnosed with prostate cancer may lead them to choose potentially unnecessary treatment options, researchers report.
No one wants to catch the flu, and the best line of defense is the seasonal influenza vaccine.
Scientists have discovered that a chemical compound—and potential new drug—reduces the spread of melanoma cells by up to 90 percent.
Cardiovascular deaths around the world, such as heart attacks and strokes, peak in January. Why this is the case has baffled scientists for some time, but new evidence is starting to unravel the mystery.
To make the most of your energy, look to nature as your guide. For example, for a plant to survive long term, it requires strong roots–ones that pull in nutrients and water from its environment and give it the strength to carry on.
Currently there is not a single test that can reliably and objectively diagnose concussions, but new research suggests measuring the brain’s response to sound could take the guesswork out of the diagnosis.
The phrase “emerging disease”, to describe an infectious disease that is new to humans or which is suddenly increasing its geographical range or number of cases, dates back to the 1960s.
People with diabetes are prone to foot disease, which can lead to amputations and even death.
Women with breast cancer cite “chemo-brain” as a substantial problem after chemotherapy for as long as six months after treatment, research shows.
The brain may not only control our thoughts and basic physical functions. Recent studies indicate that it also controls the way our body responds to the threat of bacterial infections.
It’s a long, hot summer’s day and you’re looking forward to an ice cream. But within seconds of your first bite, you feel a headache coming on: a brain freeze. What’s going on?
A tool that analyzes the expression patterns of four genes might help doctors predict if prostate cancer will reoccur following surgery.
When a girl’s breasts start growing early, it can be a sign she will develop certain diseases later in life. There is evidence of early puberty leading to increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and cancer – particularly breast cancer.
Most women experience some type of morning sickness during pregnancy, but some women develop a far more serious condition, hyperemesis gravidarum.
A new study confirms that sense of smell declines sharply in the early stages of Alzheimer’s, which suggests a sniff test might be a helpful diagnostic tool.
Scientists are studying a small group of older adults with excellent memories called “supernormals” to determine their risk for Alzheimer’s.
Scientists have used a wireless “brain-spinal interface” to bypass spinal cord injuries in a pair of rhesus macaques, restoring intentional walking movement to a temporarily paralyzed leg.
A centuries-old herbal medicine, discovered by Chinese scientists and used to effectively treat malaria, may help treat tuberculosis and slow the evolution of drug resistance.
Older adults are less inclined to take risks, but this behavior may be linked to changes in brain anatomy rather than age, new research shows.
The bacteria that cause chronic gum infections may also trigger the autoimmune inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), new evidence suggests.
People in noisy situations should face slightly away from the person they’re listening to and turn one ear towards the speech.
Every night sit comfortably in a chair and rest your head back, like you do at the dentist. You can use a pillow. Don't change your breathing -- let it be natural. By and by your breathing...
New voices, sounds, sights, feelings, tastes, and smells all trigger a brain response called rapid neural adaptation. It is so effortless that we are rarely even aware it’s happening.
Scientists from The University of Melbourne have developed a world-first vaccine to treat gum disease. Their research, published in the journal NPJ Vaccines, has so far only tested the vaccine in mice.
Psychotherapy is just as effective as medications in reducing the severity of symptoms from irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, past research shows.
A common bacterium found in improperly cooked chicken can cause Guillain-Barré Syndrome, or GBS, the world’s leading cause of acute neuromuscular paralysis in humans.
Most people who use alcohol and other drugs do so infrequently and never become dependent (or “addicted” as it’s sometimes called). On average about 10% of people who use alcohol or other drugs are dependent.
A recent thunderstorm asthma event has led some people to question what made this hay fever season so bad and how this tragic event occurred.
One of the most difficult aspects of depression is coping with the negative thoughts that happen moment to moment. People often ask me whether I think you can take an active role in managing and reducing your depression. I answer a very big yes to this question...
A new study challenges the hypothesis that nerve cells in the brains of people with autism spectrum disorders do not reliably and consistently respond to external stimuli.
Some people with normal blood pressure have elevated blood pressure when their doctor takes the reading. This phenomenon is known as “white coat hypertension”.
Is it possible to sneeze without closing your eyes? You might recall the age-old myth that warned against sneezing with open eyes to mitigate the possibility of eyeballs popping out. Tales swirled for decades speculating that...
According to the World Health Organization, iron deficiency – a condition where your body doesn’t have enough of the mineral iron – is a global public health problem of “epidemic proportions”.
The study shows that people who sleep less than six hours a night have a 13% higher mortality rate than those sleeping at least seven hours.
Scientists have discovered for the first time a functional link between bacteria in the intestines and Parkinson’s disease.
Most people have heard of Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia. The disease has no cure and few, but inefficient, treatments.
There have been a multitude of studies attempting to find causes, both genetic and environmental, for autism.
A system of sensors added to defibrillator implants might make it possible to predict heart failure events—sometimes more than a month before they happen.
A middle-aged cigarette smoker who has smoked for decades is two to three times more likely to die early than someone similar who has never smoked.
Scientists have long puzzled over how breast cancer can suddenly reappear, often with a vengeance, months, or years after treatment is complete.
An experimental drug appears to pack a one-two punch against some prostate cancers, significantly slowing the increase of cancer cells and making them more vulnerable to radiation.
Scientists looked at the brains of eight people older than 90 who had superior memories until their deaths. They were surprised to find widespread and dense Alzheimer’s plaques and tangles that...
Your birth year predicts—to a certain extent—how likely you are to get seriously ill or die in an outbreak of an animal-origin influenza virus, new research suggests.
Brain scans of children and teenagers with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) show structural differences between the sexes in one part of the insula
Reovirus, a common virus that causes mild cases of respiratory infection, mainly in children, could be harnessed as an immunotherapy to fight primary liver cancer and hepatitis C.
Type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes because it tended to occur mainly in people over the age of 40.
A new study suggests that telephone-based intervention geared specifically to military members shows promise at helping those who are struggling with alcohol abuse.
Experts suggest avoiding war metaphors, such as “attacking” beta amyloid, when talking about Alzheimer’s disease. While war comparisons can motivate efforts to deal with a health issue, this type of language and messaging can also create fear and stigma...
If you’re one of the millions of Australians who regularly see an optometrist, you’re probably familiar with having your eye pressure checked as part of a comprehensive eye examination.
Can a Halloween fright actually scare you to death? Yes, says cardiologist John P. Erwin III.
A new study indicates that supplemental oxygen does not benefit a large group of patients with COPD: those with moderately low levels of oxygen in the blood.
Scientists have linked mutations in a single gene to autism in people who have a rare tumor syndrome typically diagnosed in childhood.
Patients could soon be diagnosed with early-stage arthritis several years before the onset of physical and irreversible symptoms, scientists say.
More and more people must struggle with how to face the new reality of a life-threatening disease. And over on the sidelines, friends and loved ones struggle with how best to support them.
It always seems strange to me that when they play the national anthem, almost everyone holds their hand over their heart, off to the side of their chest. But wait a minute! That's not where our heart is at all. Our heart is in the exact center of our chest...
Hearing voices that other people can’t is a meaningful experience. Like dreams, they can usually be understood in terms of one’s life experiences.
It often begins as an easily dismissed tingle in the thumb or an ache in the wrist. Building slowly but persistently to a searing, tearing pain from the wrist to the fingers.
Knock knees, also known as genu valgum, is a type of knee alignment seen when a child (or adult) stands up straight with their knees together, but their feet and ankles stay apart.
Vice President Joe Biden’s Cancer Moonshot Blue Ribbon Panel has released 10 recommendations to accelerate a new national effort “to end cancer as we know it.”
Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia, is a growing problem worldwide. There are 350,000 people with dementia in Australia and this is set to rise to 900,000 by 2050. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease.
Humans may live longer and longer, but eventually we all grow old and die. This leads to a simple question: is there an intrinsic maximum limit to human lifespan or not?
If you mention autism to most people they will think about children, but it is a lifelong diagnosis. Children with autism grow up to be adults with autism. Little is known about how the symptoms change with age.
Older adults who participate in training designed to improve cognitive ability are more likely to continue driving over the next 10 years than those who don’t, research shows.
Although the causes of Alzheimer’s disease remain a mystery, genetic research is now providing clues about how the disease develops.
Conjunctivitis is an eye disease that has been described since antiquity. Ancient Roman oculists, the eye physicians of the time, prescribed remedies such as vinegar lotions and copper oxide for its treatment.
Two powerful tools for early Alzheimer’s detection may fit in the palm of your hand. In fact, one of those tools is your hand.
New research suggests a noninvasive blood test could vastly improve early detection rates of severe liver disease—before irreversible damage is done.
Spring is a favourite time of year for many – as the earth rejuvenates, lawns become green and trees blossom. But for the 15% of Australians who get hay fever, it can be a struggle to get through the season.
I often get the question how I manage to find the time to do so many things, and my answer is always the same: I have learnt to give myself time. In order to not get overwhelmed, or waste my inner energy, I had to learn how to structure my life in such a way that there was plenty of relaxation time...
E Street lead guitarist Steve Van Zandt once said Bruce Springsteen never took drugs because he was afraid he might reprise his father’s depression
Breast cancer could be detected using a blood test, according to reports out today. Scientists at the Australian National University (ANU) are working with counterparts in France to make this form of cancer detection, that is far less invasive and expensive than other tests such as biopsies, a reality.
I wanted to know precisely why I felt like a zombie. Was I stressed out of my mind, overloaded with information that was jamming my gray matter and making myself so crazy-busy that I was running on empty? Had I become a poster child for Prozac, or was I...
A baby boy, the first child to be born using a new technique that incorporates DNA from three people, is now five months old.
Synthetic cannabis, of which Spice is an example, is linked to serious health issues ranging from difficulties breathing to psychotic episodes.
Nearly one-third of Australians aged 55 or over (or around 1.5 million people) have an untreated cataract. In 2013-14, there were 229,693 hospital admissions for cataract surgeries, making cataracts one of the most prevalent conditions among Australians.
Chances are, this question "Why do I feel so tired?" has crossed your mind more than once... You felt the wave of fatigue come crashing over your body, and the question hit you like a ton of bricks. But having neither the energy to figure out why nor the time to let yourself be tired, you grabbed another cup of coffee...
Relying on clinical symptoms of memory loss to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease may miss other forms of dementia caused by Alzheimer’s that don’t initially affect memory, a new study suggests.
Quitting smoking improves health and lowers odds of developing lung cancer. And even among smokers with a genetic predisposition to smoking heavily and developing lung cancer at a young age, the benefits of quitting are significant.
There is growing evidence that inflammation – already known to be a cause of many whole-body diseases – is also involved in diseases of the brain, including psychiatric conditions like depression.
Stories of meningococcal outbreaks tell us it’s that season again. But what is meningococcal meningitis, why does it occur in seasons, and why does it strike fear into the hearts of so many?
Despite a growing epidemic, many medical providers fail to diagnose obesity in their patients—missing an opportunity to identify an important component of long-term health.
There has been substantial publicity about the MINDACT trial, which could lead to changes in breast cancer treatment. The study’s results suggest that women with a certain genetic profile would have a good chance of survival and cure regardless of chemotherapy.
A few years ago, I was in the audience for a live radio show, when the renowned American country singer Glen Campbell took to the stage.
A set of biomarkers found in blood samples seem to predict with about 85 percent accuracy whether or not a person will develop Alzheimer’s disease.
Head knocks in childhood are by no means uncommon, yet they may have lasting negative effects. New research has found a link between concussion in childhood and adverse medical and social outcomes as an adult.
The hormone melatonin appears to suppress the growth of breast cancer tumors, say researchers.
About 100 million Americans—one in three people—suffer from ongoing pain that impacts their daily lives. Chronic pain has fueled a pain treatment crisis resulting in the overprescribing of risky opioids. The tragic deaths of celebrities such as Prince have brought the issue to public awareness in a way that statistics can't.
Lower back pain is the greatest source of global disability, ahead of nearly 300 other conditions, leading to huge levels of healthcare costs and suffering. And the effects go far beyond pain, weakness and stiffness – they also have a huge impact the social and family lives of sufferers.
Just over 50 years ago, a highly contagious but seemingly harmless virus swept through the United States, infecting as many as 12.5 million people. In both adults and children, the virus presented as a mild illness, but caused birth defects in some babies born to women who were infected while pregnant.
For people in northern countries enjoying summer sun, I hate to put a dampener on things but winter’s coming. The cold months can seem to go on forever, yet scientists are uncovering a new reason to be grateful for them.
Researchers are testing a non-invasive way to determine if treatments for Parkinson’s slow or stop the progression of the disease.
We used to think of “addiction”, or what we now call dependence, as a moral failing. This had the result of blaming the person who was addicted – it was a matter of willpower and they just weren’t trying hard enough. So the obvious solution was shaming and scolding until they did.
People who have both hepatitis B and HIV may have a greater chance of developing liver cancer at a young age, according to our new study.
Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. While we usually think of hepatitis A to E viruses, anything that causes inflammation or damage to the liver can be considered as a form of hepatitis.
It is well recognised that increasing rates of type 2 diabetes are mainly driven by obesity and lifestyle factors. But that’s not the whole story. Genetics and epigenetics – changes in gene expression – also play an important role.
It’s well-known that those with autism spectrum disorders including Asperger’s syndrome develop difficulties with social communication and show stereotyped patterns of behaviour.