We are all born with the genes we inherit from our parents, but how and whether our body expresses these genes is gaining increasing attention in the emerging science of epigenetics.
Varicose veins is a term commonly used to describe visible leg veins. But true varicose veins are dilated and very prominent.
As Movember has come to a close, and men flaunt or shave the facial hair they have grown, there is something people should know — prostate cancer screening is ineffective and can do more harm than good.
Since World War II, rates of depression have doubled in the U.S., and depression is now the second most disabling illness in the Western world after heart disease. I have organized a holistic program for the prevention and treatment of depression into five areas — physical self-care, mental/emotional self-care, spiritual self-care, people support, and lifestyle habits.
When asked to describe a typical child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), most people would describe a young boy who climbs on things, is impatient and does not do what he is told.
Around 50m people worldwide are thought to have Alzheimer’s disease. And with rapidly ageing populations in many countries, the number of sufferers is steadily rising.
Women experience the menopause between the ages of around 45 and 55, but their experiences of this significant stage of life are diverse. Each woman’s menopause is unique.
Anxiety and depression are the most prevalent psychological disorders today. Major depression alone is expected to be the second-leading cause of disability by 2020 worldwide. I personally suffered from intractable depression and chronic dysthymia for thirty-five or more years. I also suffered from anxiety and panic attacks...
Chemical aversion therapy may be effective in curbing alcohol abuse among heavy drinkers, a new small scale study indicates.
Could a diet high in refined sugars make children and adults more susceptible to opioid addiction and overdose? New research, from the laboratory of behavioral neuroscience at the University of Guelph, suggests it could.
Ear infections can be painful, cause difficulty with balance and can also lead to temporary hearing loss. Ear infections are the number one reason for preschool children visits to the GP.
By now, most people are aware of the enormity of the opioid epidemic. In 2015, over 33,000 Americans died from an opioid overdose – more from opioid pain relievers than heroin.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in China, according to the latest data from China’s national cancer registry.
It’s commonly accepted that symptoms in psychiatric conditions like bipolar disorder or schizophrenia present differently between different people.
Once known as multiple personality disorder, dissociative identity disorder remains one of the most intriguing but poorly understood mental illnesses.
From the 1980s, when prostate screening became available, many men over 40 were diagnosed with early stage prostate cancer even though they may not have had any symptoms.
A recent study published in the journal Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise was reported in many media outlets as a bringer of “bad news” to television watchers, with the Herald Sun noting: Every hour you spend sitting watching TV makes you more likely to die from inflammation-related diseases...
Why do they do it? This is a question that friends and families often ask of those who are addicted. It’s difficult to explain how drug addiction develops over time.
Many of us would have seen, if not tried, various products claiming to clean the dirt out of our pores. From scrubs to cleansers to plasters that stick to our faces, there are many tools at our disposal.
The ready availability of technology may make the children of today faster at configuring a new smartphone, but does all of that screen time affect the development of their eyes?
Despite an abundance of evidence illustrating that weight gain is caused by a complex cocktail of factors, obesity is often solely attributed to poor individual lifestyle choices – such as diet and exercise.
I was sitting on the sofa across from Christine in her home. She offered me a cup of coffee. Each time I visited, she sat in the same spot — the place where she felt most comfortable and safe.
What most people don’t know is that with a bit of hard work, it is possible to become non-diabetic again.
A succession of surveys by Saga have shown that we are more frightened of developing dementia in old age than any other condition including cancer, and the language we use to talk about it: “raw horror” and “living death” speak volumes of the deep unease the prospect of dementia stirs.
As we get older, our thinking skills often deteriorate: we get slower, more forgetful, less good at learning new things. Yet not everyone experiences these changes to the same degree. Some remain mentally sharp...
If you don’t smoke, then your major risk factor for dying is probably your age. That’s because we have nearly eliminated mortality in early life, thanks to advances in science and engineering.
It is surprising that sighing has not been a topic of empirical psychological research until the twenty-first century. About the only place sighing makes an appearance is in studies of panic disorder, where it has been shown that such patients “hit reset” about twice as frequently as control subjects...
Many women get happier in later life, report researchers, particularly in the years between 50 and 70.
About 10% of us (including 20% of people over 60 and 50% of people over 70) suffer from fungal nail infections. So why do we get them, and does it matter?
It’s widely recognized that emotions can directly affect stomach function. The brain communicates with the gastrointestinal system. A whole ecosystem comprising 100 trillion bacteria living in our bowels is an active participant in this brain-gut chat.
The concept of schizophrenia is dying. Harried for decades by psychology, it now appears to have been fatally wounded by psychiatry, the very profession that once sustained it.
Our modern world is loud. Just sitting in a car, or an airplane, or watching movie previews, we are bombarded with sound.
Over-diagnosis occurs when someone is diagnosed with a disease that wouldn’t harm them, or when treatment does more harm than good.
In the hospital waiting room, heart pounding and mind whirring, surrounded by a sea of apprehensive-looking fellow patients, I settled in to wait for my name to be called. Outside the sun was shining on a warm winter’s afternoon...
Stress is bad for our physical and mental health. It has been linked to several leading causes of death, including heart disease and mood disorders, such as depression.
Many people suffer regularly from heartburn - a burning feeling in the chest caused by stomach acid travelling up the food pipe (oesophagus) after eating.
In the United States, nearly 290,000 women died from heart disease in 2013 – that’s about one in every four female deaths.
Silicosis is a group of occupational lung diseases caused by breathing in silica dust.
“Doctor, what caused my cancer?” For doctors, this question is often perplexing. Some of the population risk factors are known, but when it comes to specific cases, only assumptions can be made.
Headache and nausea aside, the morning after an evening of drinking can be filled with regret, anxiety and misery. But it can also be a time of humor, story-telling and emotional bonding.
Studies reveal one woman for every nine men is diagnosed with so-called “high-functioning” autism, that is, autism without intellectual disability.
Sperm count in men from North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand declined by 50-60% between 1973 and 2011, according to a new study.
A new study has found something remarkable: the activation of a particular type of immune cell in the brain can, on its own, lead to obesity in mice.
After I was told by my surgeon that he thought I had about thirty days to live, I was put in touch with an exceptional cancer survivor who was convinced that healing and forgiveness are inextricably linked. After weeks of resistance, I took her counsel to heart...
As the number of lives affected by cancer has increased around the globe every year, it is hard to find someone in our circle of family, friends and colleagues whose lives have not been touched in some way.
Dementia is by no means an inevitable result of ageing. In fact, one in three dementia cases can be prevented, according to new findings published in The Lancet.
Many suffer from heart disease despite the fact they don’t smoke, have healthy diets, and are of a healthy weight.
Disrupting just one night of sleep in healthy, middle-aged adults causes an increase in amyloid beta, a brain protein associated with Alzheimer’s disease, a small study suggests.
People who suffer from panic attacks on a regular basis will often say that having them makes them feel as if they're about to die. That's how the only panic attack I ever experienced felt, too.
Black women who drink more than 14 alcoholic drinks per week have a significantly higher risk of invasive breast cancer than those who drink less, a new study suggests.
When people experience delusions or hallucinations there is usually some loss of contact with reality whereby normal processes of thought and perception are disturbed.
Our bodies have forgotten how relaxation feels. We have come to accept our fast-paced, over-loaded, and increasingly impersonal lives as normal. As self-help author and motivational speaker Richard Carlson stated, "Stress is nothing more than a socially acceptable form of mental illness."
Diet is not a contributing factor to the significant gastrointestinal issues common among children with autism spectrum disorder, research finds.
A universe of organisms living inside you may affect every part of your body, from your brain to your bones, and even your thoughts, feelings and your attempts to lose weight.
There is a lot we can do to make life better for older adults with dementia. And we ought to do what we can – not only because people with dementia are fellow members of our human community, but also because any one of us might find ourselves affected in the future.
A new study shows that long-time use of heartburn drugs called proton pump inhibitors is associated with an increased risk of death.
Stress is both a cause of trouble and the result of trouble. As the first step in empowering you to change your bodily reactions to stress, we ask you to observe and notice what kinds of stressors exist for you. You can't change it if you don't see it or feel it or know about it.
In the introduction to his beautiful book The Body Keeps The Score, psychiatrist Bessel Van der Kolk writes: “One does not need to be a combat soldier, or visit a refugee camp in Syria or the Congo to encounter trauma. Trauma happens to us, our friends, our families and our neighbours.”
Do you ever hear a sound when there is nothing around to explain it? Or perhaps you have the feeling that someone is nearby when they’re not?
Maths is the language of science. It crops up everywhere from physics to engineering and chemistry
Women with breast cancer have long faced complicated choices about the best course of treatment.
Do you have anxiety? Have you tried just about everything to get over it, but it just keeps coming back? Perhaps you thought you had got over it, only for the symptoms to return with a vengeance?
Identifying and Removing The Causes of Disharmony and Disease Using Traditional Chinese Medicine Principles
In Traditional Chinese Medicine, it is believed that certain conditions are necessary for disease and disharmony to occur. Good health is dependent upon the smooth flow of chi, the balance of yin and yang, the influences of the five phases, and the balance between our organ network systems and our external environment.
Bouldering, a form of rock climbing that involves climbing rocks or walls to a moderate height without ropes or a harness, could be an effect way to treat symptoms of depression.
Is this the worst Northern Hemisphere allergy season yet? For many people – both those who’ve suffered before and newcomers to the annual sniffling, coughing mess that accompanies springtime – it seems like there are more allergens and allergies today than ever before.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, which is an umbrella term used to describe general loss of memory, thinking skills and other day-to-day functions (such as cooking, paying bills, cleaning and even dressing).
More than 225,000 people develop dementia every year – that’s roughly one person every three minute. At the moment, 850,000 people in the UK are living with dementia. This figure is set to rise to two million by 2051.
The trillions of bacteria living in our gut (called the gut microbiota) can help determine our risk of cancer, as well as how we might respond to cancer treatment.
There have been some noteworthy examples of successful human aging in the press recently.
Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after dementia, affecting more than ten million people worldwide. In Australia alone, more than 70,000 people have the disease – that’s one in every 340 Australians.
There are almost weekly alerts of the global threat of antibiotic resistance. They are often abstract and difficult for patients and GPs to relate to.
Doctors request a urine test to help diagnose and treat a range of conditions including kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes and infections. Testing urine is also used to screen people for illicit drug use and to test if a woman is pregnant.
Postmenopausal women at the highest genetic risk for fractures benefit the most from hormone therapy, research shows.
A set of snap-together glasses will help doctors demonstrate the effects of diabetic retinopathy, an eye disease that can result from uncontrolled diabetes and lead to blindness.
Gut bacteria could influence whether or not babies survive infections of the digestive system, new research with mice suggests.
As people with hearing loss work to improve their speech recognition, a familiar voice may work better than a generic one, research shows.
If you see a female friend or colleague sitting in front of a desk fan in winter while everyone else is shivering in sweaters, chances are she is having a hot flush, courtesy of the menopause.
Two years ago, former President Barack Obama announced the Precision Medicine initiative in his State of the Union Address.
A small number of people—about 6 percent—who had not been taking opioids before an operation, but got them to ease post-surgery pain, are still taking painkillers three to six months later. That’s long after what is considered normal for surgical recovery.
Too much of either positive or negative stress can result in stress overload, commonly known as "burnout." Burnout occurs when you blow your circuits and feel physically and emotionally exhausted. If you strive endlessly to meet unrealistic expectations...
Imagine a world where you could take just a single pill for the treatment or prevention of several age-related diseases.
People with symptoms of depression may not feel like socializing, but doing something fun with friends can improve mood, a new study shows.
Doxycycline is a cheap, widely available antibiotic. It is used to treat everything from acne to urinary tract infections.
What the hell is that? Scientists ask this question every day when trying to work out how different living things are related to each other.
It’s easy to be confused about how to treat a jellyfish sting. Is it best to use grandfather’s slurry of bicarbonate of soda or a douse of vinegar?
Drinking tea reduces the risk of cognitive impairment by 50 percent—and as much as 86 percent for older adults who have a genetic risk of Alzheimer’s disease
Specific patterns of activity on brain scans may help clinicians identify whether psychotherapy or antidepressant medication is more likely to help a patient recover from depression.
Continuing or initiating cigarette use after stopping the use of illicit drugs is linked to an increased likelihood of substance use relapse, research shows.
Gum disease and tooth loss may be associated with a higher risk of death among postmenopausal women, according to a new study.
A blood test that helps screen for prostate cancer is still common, but conversations between patients and doctors about the pros and cons of the screening are not.
People who feel lonely are likely to think their cold symptoms are more severe than those who have strong friendships and social networks.
When you think of someone with autism, what do you think of? It might be someone with a special set of talents or unique skills
Older adults who have fallen for scams by friends, relatives, or strangers behave just as their peers who have avoided rip-offs do
We need to say, as Nancy Reagan said, ‘Just say no.’ to drug laws.
Breast cancer death rates overall have steadily declined since 1989, leading to an increased number of survivors.
Food scarcity and poor oral health are the major causes that lead older adults suffering from malnutrition
Today, almost two in every three Australian adults are overweight or obese, as is one in four children.
Too few older adults make end-of-life medical decisions ahead of time—and even when they do identify a loved one to make decisions for them, their wishes may remain unclear.
The first person to identify the effects of chronic stress was Hungarian scientist Hans Selye. From Selye’s point of view, stress itself was neither good nor bad—it was simply challenging. He believed that without any stress at all, life would be pretty boring...