Simple Hearing Test May Predict Autism Risk

Simple Hearing Test May Predict Autism RiskScientists have identified an inner ear deficiency in children with autism that may affect their ability to recognize speech. The finding suggests that a hearing test could one day be used identify children at risk for the disorder at an early age.

Should We Be Routinely Screened For Melanoma?

Should We Be Routinely Screened For Melanoma?The United States Preventive Services Task Force has released a report saying there isn’t enough evidence to recommend that clinicians perform visual screening for melanomas for patients with no known risk for the skin cancer.

Is It Ethical To Purchase Human Organs?

Is It Ethical To Purchase Human Organs?Organ transplantation saves lives. People with end-stage kidney disease who receive a transplant tend to live much longer than those who undergo dialysis. A kidney from a living donor will last from 12 to 20 years, on average, compared to eight to 12 years for a kidney from a deceased donor.

Know The Signs For Concussions And Kids

Know The Signs For Concussions And KidsHead trauma is a major public health concern in the United States, with indirect and direct health-care costs approaching nearly US$1 billion annually. Worse, head trauma also can cause short- and long-term health problems and, in children, problems with academics, headaches and behavioral health issues.

Why Lyme Disease Is Such A Danger

Hitting the target. Hannah Garrison/wikimedia, CC BY-SAOn any ranked list of nasty diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks and fleas in the Western world, Borrelia burgdorferi, would have to lie near the top. These bacteria cause Lyme disease, which was first recognised in the US in the early 1970s among patients in Lyme, Connecticut.

If Only Your Body Could Speak to Your Mind

ralph nader 6 25For thousands of years humans have defended themselves from harm by others. But many have proceeded to regularly harm themselves. They have actively searched for substances to ingest, inhale, inject and apply which may give them some immediate relief but damage or destroy their lives over time.

How The British Defeated Napoleon With Citrus Fruit

Blockade of Toulon by Thomas Luny. Wikimedia CommonsEveryone knows that Britain’s conclusive victory over Napoleon was at Waterloo. The story of that day – the squares of infantry repulsing cavalry charges, the Imperial Guard retreating under murderous musket fire delivered by a red line of soliders, the just-in-time arrival of Field Marshal Blücher’s Prussian army – is one of excitement, horror and heroism.

Blame Your Immune System If You Are Mysteriously Itchy

Blame Your Immune System If You Are Mysteriously Itchy"As doctors, we throw things like antihistamines, ointments, and lotions at patients who suffer chronic itching, but if there is something profoundly abnormal about the immune system—as it appears there is—then we can't solve the itching until we address those underlying causes," says Brian S. Kim.

Why There's Fresh Hope For Stroke Patients Who Are Struggling To Communicate

Why There's Fresh Hope For Stroke Patients Who Are Struggling To Communicate“I have something to say. I want to share it with you.” By tapping a few keys in a specific sequence, I have made a code emerge on the screen. When you see these words, the language area of your brain (usually the left side) converts the sequence into meaning. If I have selected well, this meaning will match the message I wanted to convey.

Why The Approach To Tackle This Silent Killer Has Changed

Why The Approach To Tackle This Silent Killer Has ChangedTraditionally, someone who suffered from hypertension – or high blood pressure – would only receive treatment when his or her blood pressure was measured and the reading was found be higher than normal. But this meant that the condition was often picked up only when the person had a stroke or a heart attack – and in many instances this was too late.

Has Canada Turned The Corner On Childhood Obesity?

Has Canada Turned The Corner On Childhood Obesity?Children in Canada, their parents, health professionals and government ministers will welcome the news that there has been a decline in overweight and obese children over the past ten years. The reduction in the proportion of children in Canada who are overweight or obese is a rare achievement.

Breast Cancer Seems A Woman's Disease, But Men Get It Too

Breast Cancer Seems A Women's Disease, But Men Get It TooAlthough breast cancer is usually seen as a woman’s disease, around 145 Australian men were diagnosed with breast cancer in 2015, and around 25 died from it. A little under 1% of all breast cancers occur in men, so it is more common than most people think.

Feeling The Pain Of Fibromyalgia

Feeling The Pain Of FibromyalgiaFor some people, waking up every day means the start of persistent pain that affects their mood, thinking and relationships. This experience is more difficult when the pain doesn’t seem to have a cause; at least not a visible one.

Do Cancer Cells Prefer Fat To Sugar?

(Credit: National Institutes of Health)"The idea that increased glucose uptake is a metabolic hallmark of cancer cells is deeply embedded in our thinking. It's the basis for how we diagnose cancer and manage its treatment in the clinic," says Gary Patti. Above: HeLa cells in culture.

A Common Cancer Risk Few Have Heard Of

A Common Cancer Risk Few Have Heard OfLynch syndrome is a common, inherited condition that affects thousands of Australians and greatly increases the risk of developing cancer. Yet 95% of those who have it don’t know about it.

What Is Restless Leg Syndrome?

restless legs 4 12Restless leg syndrome is a common affliction characterised by uncomfortable feelings in the legs accompanied by an irresistible urge to move the legs to relieve the sensations. People with restless leg syndrome often keep their legs moving by pacing or constantly moving their legs while sitting. The sensations commonly occur at

Changing The Face Of Autism: Here Come The Girls

Changing The Face Of Autism: Here Come The GirlsIf you ask someone to name famous people (fictional or non-fictional) who are known for having autism or being “on the spectrum”, Rain Man is often the top favourite, possibly followed by Sherlock Holmes (especially in his recent incarnation by Benedict Cumberbatch). Sheldon in the Big Bang Theory is another.

Does Cannabis Cause Mental Illness?

Does Cannabis Cause Mental Illness?Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in Australia, with one in three adults using it at some point in their life. It’s legal in some places around the world, and offered medicinally in others. But what does smoking pot do to your mental health?

Are Treatment Guidelines On Schizophrenia And Bipolar Disorder Wrong?

Are Treatment Guidelines On Schizophrenia And Bipolar Disorder Wrong?The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has become a byword for unbiased, evidence-based healthcare advice. Its recommendations strongly influence which treatments are made available on the NHS. We wouldn’t expect NICE to make recommendations that are unsupported by evidence or, worse, contain contradictory evidence.

Common Surgery For Vaginal Prolapse Can Lead To Complications

Common Surgery For Vaginal Prolapse Can Lead To ComplicationsA common surgery to treat vaginal prolapse using an artificially grafted mesh has more problems than benefits, our Cohrane review has found. Women who underwent the operation had high rates of needing repeat surgery due to mesh exposure, bladder injury and urinary incontinence.

How Stem Cells Could Help Treat Multiple Sclerosis

How Stem Cells Could Help Treat Multiple SclerosisMultiple sclerosis affects millions of people worldwide. It’s a neurological disease characterised by inflammatory lesions in the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) that cause damage to the myelin sheath – the protective layer around the nerve cells. This causes neurological dysfunction, such as muscle paralysis or loss of sensation.

Are Pubic Lice Here To Stay?

The pubic or crab louse has adapted to the humid environment of ‘down there’. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CC BYWhat’s the worst thing you could be burdened with this Valentine’s Day? Unrequited love? Unwanted affection? Unpaid invoice from the local florist? How about an itchy dose of pubic lice? Pubic lice, Phthirus pubis, or “crabs” as more commonly...

Food Allergies Linked To Overactive Immune System At Birth

Food Allergies Linked To Overactive Immune System At BirthOne in every ten babies in Melbourne develops a food allergy during their first year of life. New research has found children who are born with overly active immune cells are more likely to develop allergies to milk, eggs, peanuts, wheat and other common foods. This finding could lead to future treatments for babies to prevent childhood food allergies.

Lifting the Brain's Veil from Dyslexia and from the Heart

Lifting the Brain's Veil from Dyslexia and from the HeartBefore i was informed that I was “profoundly dyslexic,” I just thought I was stupid and too weird to cultivate friends. In school, I would get an A for creativity over a D for atrocious grammar. I was having considerable difficulty reading anything, much less a map. I had trouble telling my right from my left, I could not comprehend most directions, I was lost much of the time.

What Do We Mean When We Say A Person's Cancer Has Been Cured?

What Do We Mean When We Say A Person's Cancer Has Been Cured?Until fairly lately, it was unusual to see the words “cancer” and “cured” used in the same sentence. Now, it’s much more common. Reports that toddler Layla Richards had been cured of what was thought to be an incurable form of leukaemia were followed with news that former US president Jimmy Carter was cured of brain cancer – a melanoma that had spread from his liver.

What Is Dopamine And Is It To Blame For Our Addictions?

What Is Dopamine And Is It To Blame For Our Addictions?Most researchers agree that the key difference between human brains and those of other animals is the size and complexity of our cerebral cortex, the brain’s outer layer of neural tissue. We therefore tend to focus our attention on this area, believing that our unique mental life is due to this masterpiece of evolution.

What are Synthetic Cannabinoids? Why You Should Care

What are Synthetic Cannabinoids? Why You Should CareXLR-11, PB-22, AB-FUBINACA, MAB-CHMINACA, 5F-AMB. These are the cryptic and sometimes unpronounceable names of the most dangerous drugs you’ve never heard of. They are responsible for kidney injury, psychosis, seizures, coma and death.

Managing Bipolar Disorder Without Medication

Managing Bipolar Disorder Without MedicationBipolar disorder is a diagnosis given to people who experience periods of intense low mood but also periods of elation and increased energy which can lead to impaired judgement and risky behaviour. The Royal College of Psychiatrists estimates that around 1% of the adult population experience bipolar symptoms at some point in their life.

Easy Reflexology Pointers for Headaches

Easy Reflexology Pointers for HeadachesIn this excerpt, Ewald Kliegel provides reflexology techniques for one of the most common human ailments – the headache. The head is prone to different problems – from throbbing temples with the sensation of being trapped in a vice, while a jackhammer is busy at work in the background, to having a brain that feels as though it is made of cotton wool.

Why Do Patients Want Treatment That Doesn’t Work?

Why Do Patients Want Treatment That Doesn’t Work?A major new initiative called Choosing Wisely has been launched by the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges. This initiative aims to address a culture of over-medicalisation in health, where treatments are prescribed – not always with much clinical value – when other, better solutions may exist.

Mindfulness Therapy Is Effective As Part Of The Treatment Of PTSD

Mindfulness Therapy Is Effective In The Short Term As Part Of The Overall Treatment Of PTSDPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder that causes overwhelming recollections of traumatic events. These can be triggered by sights, sounds or smells that serve as reminders of the incident. Sufferers also report severe nightmares, emotional numbness and withdrawal from social interactions.

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